IRCyr   Inscriptions of Roman Cyrenaica

M.18. Military presence inscription

Description: Outcrop of natural rock, on which texts are cut more or less roughly, in a series of different hands, with dates ranging from 15/16 to 52 CE: M.3, M.4, M.5, M.6, M.7, M.8, M.9, M.10, M.11, M.12, M.13, M.14, M.15, M.16, M.17, M.18, M.19, M.20, M.21, M.22, M.23, M.24, M.25, M.26, and perhaps M.27. They may be described as graffiti although the surviving example and the photographs show that their production often involved much more effort than the normal graffito.
Text: Incised on the surface (w: 1.00), without a frame. The alignment of the lines is not completely clear.
Letters: L for ἔτους; theta with a central dot; standard sigma. Ligatures: ΑΡ line 1, ΗΚ line 3.

Date: CE 39-40

Findspot: South of Berenike: Beside the ancient road from Corniclanum/Ajdabia, leading south to the oasis of Gialo; recorded in 1923.
Original location: Findspot.
Last recorded location: Now covered by modern houses.


(ἔτους) ο´ Θεο[..]ι̣ας Ἀρι̣[σ]τ̣οδή[μ]ω
κεντυρ[ίω]ν̣ [.]ΗΣΛ̣ΥΑ̣Κ̣ΟΣ


L ΟΘΕΟ[··].ΑΣΑΡ.[.].ΟΔΗ[.]Ω


1: Θεο[μν]ᾶς Ἀρ[ιστ]οδή[μ]ω Ferri, 1926 whence SEG
2: κεντυρίων [.?]ἠσ[α]υ[ρικ]ὸς Ferri, 1926; κεντυρίων .ησαυκος SEG

English translation

Translation by: Editors

Year 70, Theo[..]as (scil. son) of Aristodemos, a centurion [ . . . ), Ι came here.


For general introduction see M.3.

Line 1: the name may be Θεο[μν]ᾶς with the patronymic Ἀρ[ιστ]οδή[μ]ω, most of which is written in higher register than the name; but the layout and the Doric genitive may suggest that Θεο[μν]ᾶς encroached on the graffito of an earlier native whose name is lost.

Bibliography: Ferri, 1926, 16, with drawing, p.381, whence SEG 9.788.
Text constituted from: From previous publications (Reynolds).


None available (2020).