IRCyr   Inscriptions of Roman Cyrenaica

M.12. Presence inscription of a Syrian

Description: Outcrop of natural rock, on which texts are cut more or less roughly, in a series of different hands, with dates ranging from 15/16 to 52 CE: M.3, M.4, M.5, M.6, M.7, M.8, M.9, M.10, M.11, M.12, M.13, M.14, M.15, M.16, M.17, M.18, M.19, M.20, M.21, M.22, M.23, M.24, M.25, M.26, and perhaps M.27. They may be described as graffiti although the surviving example and the photographs show that their production often involved much more effort than the normal graffito.
Text: Incised on the surface (w: 1.25), without a frame.
Letters: Square sigma, cursive omega, L for ἔτους.

Date: CE 49-59

Findspot: South of Berenike: Beside the ancient road from Corniclanum/Ajdabia, leading south to the oasis of Gialo; recorded in ?1923.
Original location: Findspot.
Last recorded location: Now covered by modern houses.


Ϲύροϲ αι̣ι̣[---]
ἥκω (ἔτους) π̣[.]´


ΗΚΩ L .[·]

English translation

Translation by: Editors

Valerius (scil. son) of -doros, a Syrian, A[ - ]: I came here. Year 80 (or 80+: 49-59 CE).


For general introduction see M.3.

Line 2: Διοδώρου would just fit.

Line 3: Ϲύρος was perhaps followed by an abbreviation for Ἀπαμεύς.

Line 4: 80 of the Actian era (49-50 CE) or any date to 89.

Bibliography: Ferri, 1926, 10, with photograph and drawing, p.378, whence SEG 9.782.
Text constituted from: From previous publications (Reynolds).


None available (2020).