IRCyr   Inscriptions of Roman Cyrenaica

C.308. Dedication of a statue of Dionysos

Description: Side of a marble base.
Text: Inscribed on one face.
Letters: Probably Augustan.

Date: Probably Augustan

Findspot: Cyrene: Temple of Jason Magnus, to the south, near a head of Dionysos of Roman date; first recorded in 1927.
Original location: Unknown.
Last recorded location: Findspot.


[Ποσει]δώνιος Ποσειδωνίω
[ἱερατ]ε̣ύων Διόνυσον ( vac. 2)
[ ( vac. 5)χ]α̣ριδώταν ( vac. 5)



English translation

Translation by: Charlotte Roueché

Posidonios (scil. son) of Posidonios,serving as priest, (scil. gave the statue of) Dionysos, giver of joy.

Italian translation

Translation source: Vitali, 1932

Poseidonio, figlio di Poseidonio, sacerdote, dedicò una statua di Dionyso, « donatore di gioia ».


All details are taken from Oliverio. For the head, see Oliverio, loc.cit., fig. 45.

Line 3: this epithet for Dionysos is found in Plutarch: so Plutarch, Vita Antonii 24, 3: Διόνυσον αὐτὸν ἀνακαλουμένων Χαριδότην καὶ μειλίχιον (at Perseus), but is said by Eustathius to originate with Homer's description of the god: οὗ ἕνεκεν καὶ χαριδότης Διόνυσος, ἐξ Ὁμήρου γενομένης καὶ τῷ τοιούτῳ ἐπιθέτῳ ἀρχῆς, ὃς χάρμα βροτοῖς ἐνταῦθα ἔφη τὸν Διόνυσον (Commentarii ad Homeri Iliadem 3, 654). it is also applied to other gods: for Hermes, see Homer, Hymn, 18,12 (at Perseus) and IG II(2) 3664 (available at PHI 5948).

Bibliography: Oliverio, 1929, 20, p.144, and fig. 46, p.138, whence Boehringer, 1929 408, Vitali, 1932, 190, SEG 9.103, whence PHI 323957; see also Ferri, 1923, 8.
Text constituted from: Transcription from the photograph (Reynolds)


None available (2020).