IRCyr   Inscriptions of Roman Cyrenaica

C.309. Dedication to ?Apollo

Description: Limestone block, broken at the right side (w: 1.25 x h: 0.65 x d: 0.27).
Text: Inscribed on one face on a stuccoed surface which has weathered badly since it was first photographed.
Letters: Probably Antonine; 0.025-0.03; lunate epsilon, lunate sigma, cursive omega.

Date: Second-third century CE

Findspot: Cyrene: Grotto of the Priests, on the front terrace: found in 1933.
Original location: Unknown.
Last recorded location: Findspot (2008).


ΔΕ̣[c. 4]Ν Ἀντίπατροϲ ἱερώμενοϲ̣ [---]
ἐκ προϲόδων ἱερῶν νη̣οὺϲ Μ [..]ΙΑ̣ [---]
( vac. ) εὐτυχῶϲ ( vac. )
( vac. ) Κορακίῳ ( vac. )



1: Δ[αι]λέ[ω]ν Ἀντίπατρος ἱερώμενος [ἐκαθάρισε] Stucchi, 1981
2: νηοὺς μαν[τείου] Stucchi, 1981

Italian translation

Translation source: Stucchi, 1981

Daileon Antipatros, essendo sacerdote, puli, [prelevando i soldi] dai fondi dei templi, gli ambienti interni del manteion, secondo il responso favorevole del corvetto

English translation

Translation by: Charlotte Roueché

De[- . . . ] Antipatros, serving as priest [ . . . ] from sacred income, the temples [ . . . ]. With good fortune for Korakios!


Stucchi (art. cit.) interprets this text as a query to the oracle, and interpreted the area as a Mithraeum; but Gordon (loc. cit.) argued strongly agains this.

Line 1: We should expect name and patronymic here, but Ἀντίπατρος is in the nominative; it is perhaps relevant, in view of the possibly Mithraic character of the Cave of the Priests, that in the Mithraeum at Dura Europos ἀντίπατρος seems to be used as a title, perhaps indicating a transitory grade preceding that of πατήρ (The Excavations at Dura-Europos, seventh and eighth seasons, Yale, 1939, pp. 119 and 124).

Line 1 This would normally indicate a Priest of Apollo, but if the subject was a Mithraic initiate, may here be used for a priesthood within the Mithraic cult.

Line 2 Apollo's funds, normally used for building and maintenance within the Sanctuary, are otherwise always described as αἱ Ἀπόλλωνος προσόδοι.

Line 4 Probably a name or signum; it may be that it indicates a connexion with the Mithraic grade of κόραξ, but we have found no parallel to support such a suggestion. Dobias-Lalou suggests a reference to the epithet Korax of Apollo (see IGCyr 001000).

Bibliography: From a copy by Reynolds Gordon, 1976, 215-218, whence Robert, Bulletin Épigraphique, 1977.591, SEG 26.1830, PHI 324724; republished Stucchi, 1981, 113-4, whence SEG 31.1576, PHI 324542
Text constituted from: Transcription from the stone and from the photograph (Reynolds).


   Fig. 1. Face (Department of Antiquities E. 2058)

   Fig. 2. View of block (2008, H.Walda)

   Fig. 3. Side view of block (2008, H.Walda)

   Fig. 4. Face (2008, H.Walda)

   Fig. 5. Text (2008, H.Walda)

   Fig. 6. Traces of stucco (2008, H.Walda)

   Fig. 7. Traces of stucco (2008, H.Walda)

   Fig. 8. Traces of stucco (2008, H.Walda)