IRCyr   Inscriptions of Roman Cyrenaica

C.229. Dedication to Apollo and Artemis on behalf of Nero

Description: Lower left corner of a marble block (w: 0.39 x h: 0.48 x d: 0.22)
Text: Inscribed within a moulded panel.
Letters: First century CE; lines 1-5, 0.03; lines 6-7, 0.012.

Date: CE 57-58

Findspot: Cyrene: First recorded in 1927 during the excavation of the Byzantine conduit, in the Roman Propylaeum: to the north-west.
Original location: Unknown.
Last recorded location: Findspot.


[Ἀπ]όλλωνι κτίστη κα[ὶ Ἀρτέμιδι]
( vac. 1 line)
ὑπὲρ τῆς ⟦Νέρωνος⟧ [Κλαυδίου]
Δρούσου Γερμαν[ικοῦ Καίσαρος]
Σεβαστοῦ Αὐτοκ[ράτορος νίκης]
5καὶ σωτηρίας καὶ τ̣[οῦ σύνπαντος]
αὐτοῦ οἴκου τὴν κρήνην αἱ̣ [ἱέρειαι τῆς Ἀρτέμιδος?]
[ἀ]ν̣έθ[ηκ]αν τῇ [c. 18]



1: καὶ [σωτὴρι] Oliverio, 1929
7: νέθη[κ]αν τῆ [Ὑγιεί]ᾳ κ[αὶ Ἰασοῖ] Oliverio, 1929

Italian translation

Translation source: Vitali, 1932

Ad Apollo Ctiste e... Per la vittoria e la salute del imperatore Cesare Augusto Nerone Claudio Druso Germanico e di tutta la sua casa... consacrarono la fontana...

English translation

Translation by: Charlotte Roueché

To Apollo the Founder and [Artemis] on behalf of the victory and salvation of Nero Claudius Drusus Germanicus, Caesar, Augustus, Emperor, and his whole household; the [?priestesses of Artemis] dedicated the fountain [ . . .


All details are taken from Oliverio.

The text closely parallels C.228, probably of CE 57/58; the use of κοινή forms, however, throughout this inscription is in marked contrast to the Doric of C.228.

Line 1: A second divinity, as in C.228, is more probable than a second cult title for Apollo (σωτῆρι) as proposed by Oliverio.

Line 6: Perhaps a reference to the Fountain of Apollo, or to one of the several fountains on the Temple Terrace.

Line 7: Oliverio's tentative suggestion would suggest a further dedication to different divinities, which hardly seems consistent with line 1; the space was more probably occupied by a date, beginning with the day of the month.

Bibliography: Oliverio, 1929, 12, p.139 and Fig. 31, whence AE 1929.10, Boehringer, 1929 404, Vitali, 1932, 96 SEG 9.99; discussed Laronde, 1977, whence Robert, Bulletin Épigraphique, 1978.559; mentioned Kenrick, 2013, 217.
Text constituted from: Read from the photograph.(Reynolds).


   Fig. 1. Front view, top piece (Department of Antiquities, F.427)