IRCyr   Inscriptions of Roman Cyrenaica

T.656. Funerary inscription

Description: Rock-cut tomb still partly buried, inscribed on the façade with T.655, T.656, T.657, T.658, T.659, T.660, T.661.
Text: Inscribed within a gabled panel (w: 0.55 x h: 0.85) outlined in relief. To the right of T.655, above the door and extending to the right.
Letters: 0.045; L for ἔτους, ἐτῶν.

Date: 13 BCE-1 CE

Findspot: Taucheira: Quarry East XVII, East wall. First recorded in 1825 and photographed in 1936
Original location: Findspot.
Last recorded location: Findspot.


(ἔτους) θ̣´ Τ[υβὶ] δ´ Ἀουιαν̣ί̣-
α [c. 6] (ἐτῶν) γλ´ (ἔτους) κ´
Θώθυ κ´ Λ(ούκιος) Ἀβιάνι-
ος Ι̣ο[άν]ης (ἐτῶν) ιη´
5(ἔτους) λ´ Ἐ̣πιφὶ γκ´ Λ(ούκιος)
Ἀβ̣ι̣άν̣ι̣ος Μάξ̣-
ιμ̣ος (ἐτῶν) β´


L .Τ[...]ΔΑΟΥΙΑ..
Α[······] L ΓΛ L Κ


1: LΟΤ...ΑΥΑΝ Pacho, 1827; L δʹ, Παῦνι Oliverio, DAI, 1933-1936
2: ΛΥ Pacho, 1827; -- Φιλ Oliverio, DAI, 1933-1936
3: ΘΟΕΥΚ ΒΙΛΝ Pacho, 1827; οθευκ[λῆς] Ἀβιανί Oliverio, DAI, 1933-1936
4: ΑΞΠ ΡΙΓΚL Pacho, 1827; ου L ηʹ Oliverio, DAI, 1933-1936
5: ΑLΙ ΟΣΜΑ Pacho, 1827; L] δʹ, Φαῶφι γʹ Πρ Oliverio, DAI, 1933-1936
6: [α]ξίδαμος Μαγ Oliverio, DAI, 1933-1936
7: Μ LΚ Pacho, 1827; ίω L βʹ Oliverio, DAI, 1933-1936

Italian translation

Translation source: Oliverio, DAI, 1933-1936

Anno 4, Payni -. Filoteucle di Avianio, di anni 8.

Anno 4, Phaophi 3. Prassidamo di Magio, di anni 2

English translation

Translation by: Editors

Year 9 (19?), Tubi 4, Aouiania (i.e. Aviania) [ . . . ], aged 33. Year 20, Thothy 20, L(oukios) Abianios (i.e. L(ucius) Avianius) Ioannes, aged 18. Year 30, Epiphi 23, L(oukios) Abianios Maximos (i.e. L(ucius) Avianius Maximus), aged 2.


Line 1: In view of the date of the next entries, the reading should perhaps be [ι]θ΄, 19, making the date 12 rather than 22 BCE.

Line 5: The figure is too high for a regnal year, so 1 CE; this suggests that Year 20, in line 2, should also be Actian, 11 BCE.

Bibliography: Pacho, 1827 LXXXIV, whence CIG, Vol.III, 5358c, left; Oliverio, DAI, 1933-1936, 453 (326,1, La.XVII.3,5), pl. LXXXII, fig.48 , whence SEG 9.716.
Text constituted from: Transcription from photograph (Reynolds).


   Fig. 1. Transcription (1827, Pacho, plate LXXXIV)

   Fig. 2. From left: above, T.655, T.656, T.658; below, T.657, T.659; further below, T.660, upper part (Department of Antiquities, F.1064)