IRCyr   Inscriptions of Roman Cyrenaica

C.423. List of priestesses ?of Hera

Description: Part of the left side of a marble stele (w: 0.40 x h: 0.76 x d: 0.17).
Text: Inscribed on one face, which shows traces of burning; each entry in a different hand.
Letters: First century CE: average 0.025-0.03.

Date: First century A.D

Findspot: Cyrene: Temple of Zeus: in the south side of the upper cornice of the podium of the statue base. Found between 1939 and 1943.
Original location: Unknown.
Last recorded location: Casa Parisi.


[Μν]ασὼι [---]
[Ἀ]ν̣αξὼι [---]
[Με]γὼι Τι[---]
[Ἀρ]άτα [---]
5[Κρ]ιτολᾶ Δι[ονυσίω]
[Κρ]ατέα Ἀρ[---]
[Ἀ]λυπὼ Λυσι[---]
[Κα]λ[λ]ιβώλα Ι̣[---]
Θευπρόπα Η[---]
10Αἴσχρα Αὐτο[---]
Ἱππονείκα Ζευ[ξιμάχω]
Τιμαρέτα [Ἑφόρω]
Νεικίππα Ἀ[ριστάρχω]
Ὁλυνπιὰς Κλ[εάρχω]
15Ζευξὼ θε̣[υχρήστω]
Καλλιβώλα [Δαμοφάνευς]




9: Μν]ατέα so Reynolds Laronde, 1988a; Κρ]ατέα cdl ; Θευπρόπα N[- . . . Laronde, 1988a
11-16: The names are restored from C.103

English translation

Translation by: Charlotte Roueché

. . . ], Mnaso [(scil. daughter) of -], Anaxo [(scil. daughter) of -], Mego (scil. daughter) of Ti[- . . ], Arata [(scil. daughter) of -], Kritola (scil. daughter) of Di[onysios], Mnatea (scil. daughter) of Ar[- . . ], Alypo (scil. daughter) of Lusi[- . . ], Kallibola (scil. daughter) of I[- . . ], Theupropa (scil. daughter) of E[- . . ], Aischra (scil. daughter) of Auto[- . . ], Hipponika (scil. daughter) of Zeu]ximachos], Timareta [(scil. daughter) of Ephoros], Neikippa (scil. daughter) of A[ristarchos], Olynpias (scil. daughter) of Kl[earchos], Zeuxo (scil. daughter) of The[uchrestos], Kallibola (scil. daughter) of Damophane.s


Re-used in the upper cornice of the podium of the statue base in the Temple of Zeus.

The different hands suggest that the list is a running record of Priestesses who perhaps changed annually. For other lists of priestesses (of Hera), see C.103, C.130, C.142

Lines 8-16 repeat C.103, lines 3-11, although reversing the order of lines 10 and 11 there. C.103 gives a list of priestesses of Hera; its final entry is dated in CE 61 and Pesce, assuming that there was a new priestess each year and that the entries are complete and consecutive in each list, argued that the first entry here must therefore be of CE 24. The argument is attractive but by no means certain since in several of the lists of priests of Apollo it can be shown that in some years the appropriate name was not added although there is nothing on the stone to show that its entries are not consecutive. See further Laronde, op.cit.

Bibliography: Pesce, 1951, 3, pp. 87-90, and fig. 2, whence SEG 17.799, PHI 324412, Robert, Bulletin Épigraphique, 1953.251, and review by Bingen, Chron. d'Egypte XXVIII (1953), on which Robert, Bulletin Épigraphique, 1955.276; reconsidered, Laronde, 1988a, whence Dobias-Lalou, Bulletin Épigraphique, 1989.835
Text constituted from: Transcription (Reynolds).


None available (2020).