IRCyr   Inscriptions of Roman Cyrenaica

C.42. Fragmentary dedication of a statue - of the Graces?

Description: Marble base, flanged outwards at the lower edge on three sides, with a dowel hole on top for the attachment of another block (w: 0.79-0.62 x h: 0.73 x d: 0.60).
Text: Inscribed on one face.
Letters: 0.035; line 3 is a monogram, 0.075.

Date: First century CE

Findspot: Cyrene, Temple of Aphrodite: First recorded in 1817 with C.41; seen "about 10 yards to the eastwards of the Temple " (Smith and Porcher, 1861).
Original location: Unknown.
Last recorded location: Cyrene Museum


[τᾶς] εἰς αὐτὰ[ν]
( vac. 2) εὐ̣ν̣οίας ( vac. 2)
( vac. 5) Χαρίτων(- - -) ( vac. 5)



3: Χαρίτων Reynolds-Goodchild, 1996 The monogram was resolved by all previous editors as χάριν.

Italian translation

Translation source: Oliverio, DAI, 1933-1936

- della sua benevolenza verso di essa, in grazia.

English translation

Translation by: Editors

. . . in gratitude for] (scil. his/her/their) kindness to her (scil. gave ?the statue of) the Graces.


There is space above on the block for one more line at most; it seems probable that part of the text was inscribed on the block above.

The city, or less probably a lady, is clearly honouring a benefactor or benefactress.

The monogram in line 3 was read by previous editors as representing χάριν 'thanks for', to be taken with the preceding genitive; but as Reynolds pointed out (art. cit.) this does not explain all the letters, which are better interpreted as referring to the Graces, to whom the monument was presumably dedicated - perhaps being a representation of them. This might be related to the dedication of one of the small unnamed temples in the area.

Bibliography: Della Cella, 1819, 142; Pacho, 1827 LXIII.7 with Letronne, p.395; Beechey, 1828, 545; from all of which and from a copy made in 1819 by Fr. Pacifico da Monte Cassiano and passed to Pietro Negri, the Sardinian consul in Tripoli, CIG, Vol.III, 5132; mentioned, Smith-Porcher, 1864, 77; Oliverio, DAI, 1933-1936, 62 (55), fig. 18 pl. XII whence SEG 9.60; Gray, 1956, 59, on which see Reynolds-Goodchild, 1996, 273, whence Robert, Bulletin Épigraphique, 1959.511, SEG 17.811, PHI 324421.
Text constituted from: Transcription (Reynolds).


   Fig. 1. Transcription (1827, Pacho, plate LXIII)

   Fig. 2. Transcription detail (1827, Pacho, plate LXIII.7)

   Fig. 3. Text (Department of Antiquities, H.31)

   Fig. 4. Face (Reynolds II.8)

   Fig. 5. C.402 standing above C.42