IRCyr   Inscriptions of Roman Cyrenaica

C.418. Building inscription from the Temple of Zeus

Description: Fragmentary limestone architrave blocks.
Text: Inscribed on one face.
Letters: First century CE: broad shallow lettering, 0.60. The stop after Ioui is in the form of an ampulla.

Date: First century CE

Findspot: Cyrene: Temple of Zeus, in situ as overthrown during the Jewish revolt. The fragments of the second and fourth block were found in 1955, the substantial portion of the fifth, sixth and seventh blocks between 1939 and 1942.
Original location: Temple of Zeus: from the Doric entablature of the external, eastern, façade of the peristasis.
Last recorded location: Temple of Zeus: all assembled in front of the East end.


[c. 10]S ( vac. 1) [c. 7 p]roco(n)s(ul) Ioui August[o]


[··········]S  [·······.]ROCOSIOUIAUGUST[.]

English translation

Translation by: Editors

. . . proconsul, for Jupiter Augustus.


The remainder of the architrave has almost certainly perished.

For the text see also C.419, line 1, which cannot be much later than the last decade of Augustus. The two texts are likely to be approximately contemporary, so that an extensive restoration of the Temple under Augustus or Tiberius is indicated. For the transformation of Zeus into Jupiter Augustus cf. e.g. OGIS 659 ( at PHI 219076) of CE 1-3 from Tentyris in Egypt, ὑπὲρ Αὐτοκράτορος Καίσαρος θεοῦ υἱοῦ Διὸς Ἐλευθερίου Σεβαστοῦ.

For the stop - in the form of an ampulla - compare C.3, C.9, line 3.

Also noteworthy is the prominence given to the name of the proconsul.

Bibliography: Part, Pesce, 1951, 7, p. 94, and fig. 5, whence AE 1954.43, whence EDH 017732; republished Goodchild-Reynolds-Herington, 1958, D, pp. 37-39, whence AE 1960.263, whence EDH 019024.
Text constituted from: Transcription (Reynolds).


   Fig. 1. Plain view of a part

   Fig. 2. Plain view of a part

   Fig. 3. Plain view of a part