IRCyr   Inscriptions of Roman Cyrenaica

C.223. List of priests of Apollo

Description: a: two damaged blocks marble forming a stele standing on a base (together, w: 0.70 x h: 1.05 x d: 0.83), together with a further fragment, b (together, w: 0.18 x h: 0.20 x d: 0.11). C.222 is on the right face.
Text: Inscribed across the two blocks forming the left face of the stele, which is damaged at top and bottom, and in the centre, at the junction of the two blocks. Each entry in a different hand; a large ivy leaf at the end of line 13. Fragment b is from the lower left corner, lines 15 following.
Letters: First to second century CE; various hands, average 0.02-0.03; bars above all figures and praenomina; L for ἔτους

Date: CE 102-112

Findspot: Cyrene: Byzantine Baths: found in 1922, re-used as a paving stone.
Original location: In the pronaos of the Temple of Apollo beside the entrance to the cella, on the left side.
Last recorded location: a: Temple of Apollo: replaced in its original location. (2008). b: Cyrene Museum (Inv. no. b: 455)


(ἔτους) ρλγ´ Τι(βέριος) [Κλαύδι]ος Ἄτταλος Τι(βερίου) Κλα-
υδίου Κλεά[ρχου υἱὸ]ς ἱερεὺς Ἀπόλλωνος
(ἔτους) ρλδ´ Τ(ίτος) Φλ̣[άβιο]ς Εὐκλείδας
Τ(ίτου) Φλαβίου Βά[ττο]υ υἱὸς ἱερεὺς
( vac. 1 line)
(ἔτους) ρλε´ Τι(βέριος) Κλαύδιος
Φιλόξενος Ἀντωνιανός
(ἔτους) ρμβ´ Π(όπλιος) Σήστιος Πωλλίων Γ(άϊου) Σηστίου Φλώ-
ρου υἱὸς ἄμναμμος ΟΣ Μ(άρκου) Ἀντωνίου Φλάμ-
10μα ἱερεὺς Ἀπόλλω[νο]ς συνκλητικὸς καὶ
ταμίας Ῥώμης ἀγ[ορα]νόμος κορούλης
στρατηγικὸς π̣ρ̣[εσβε]υτὴς καὶ ἀντιστρά-
( vac. 4)τηγος Κρήτ[ης κ]α̣ὶ Κυρήνης ((leaf)) ( vac. 3)
(ἔτους) ρλζ´ τοῦ κ[αὶ ι´ ] Γ̣(άϊος) Ποστόμιος
15Ὀπτᾶ̣τ̣[ος c. 4 Π]ωστομίω Ὀπ̣-
τ̣[ά]τ̣ω υἱὸ[ς ἱερεὺ]ς Ἀπόλλω[νος]
( vac. 6) [καλλιέ]της ( vac. 6)
(ἔτους) ρλη´ τοῦ̣ [καὶ ια´? Ῥ]ουτίλιο[ς ...]


L ΡΛΗΤΟ.[......]ΟΥΤΙΛΙΟ[.···]


4: Βά[σσο]υ SECir, 1961-1962
8: Πωλλίων : Πολλιων SECir, 1961-1962
14: Oliverio did not supply the second figure
15: [. . 4 . . Π] : [Γ. Π ] SECir, 1961-1962
15-18: Fragment b supports the restorations already proposed at the left end of these lines. cdl
15-16: Ὀπ[τα]/τ[ω] SECir, 1961-1962
18: Oliverio does not supply the dates

English translation

Translation by: Editors

Year 133: Ti(berios) Klaudios (i.e. Ti(berius) Claudius) Attalos son of Ti(berios) Klaudios (i.e. Ti(berius) Claudius) Klearchos, priest of Apollo.

Year 134: T(itos) Phlabios (i.e. T(itus) Flavius) Eukleidas son of T(itos) Phlabios (i.e. T(itus) Flavius) Ba[tt]os, priest of Apollo.

Year 135: Ti(berios) Klaudios (i.e. Tiberius Claudius) Philoxenos Antonianos.

Year 142: P(oplios) Sestios Pollio (i.e. P(ublius) Sestius Pollio) son of Caios Sestios Phloros, grandson of M(arkos) Antonios Phlamma (i.e. M(arcus) Antonius Flamma), priest of Apollo, senator and quaestor of Rome, curule aedile, praetorian legatus propraetore of Crete and Cyrene.

Year 137, also [10th year (i.e. of Trajan)]: C(aios) Postomios Optatos (scil. son) of [?] Postumios Optatos, [priest] of Apollo in a good year.

Year 138, [also 11th (i.e. of Trajan)]: [R]utilio[s . . .


Line 9: ΟΣ, written very small above the preceding word; the meaning of these letters is not clear.

Line 9: On ἄμναμμος, the Cyrenaean word for "grandson”, passed into poetic vocabulary through Callimachus, see Dobias-Lalou, art. cit..

For Antonius Flamma see PIR2 A 0831, and addenda.

For Sestius Pollio, the only certan Cyrenaean senator known so far, see RE Suppl. 14 (1974) 666 s.v. Sestius 10a

It seems clear that the word in line 17 is καλλιέτης and if so Optatos is the earliest priest so far known to have held the title, for which see Robert, BullEp loc.cit., and commentary on C.222.

Bibliography: a: Lines 14-17 cited, Oliverio, 1929, 113, whence Robert, 1940a, 12, n.4; full text published Reynolds, 1959, 2, 96-98 and plate VIII, whence Robert, Bulletin Épigraphique, 1960.437, SEG 18.744, PHI 324446; discussed Robert, 1960a, 553-5, whence Robert, Bulletin Épigraphique, 1961.837, SEG 20.733; republished SECir, 1961-1962, 9.a, fig. 10 (from T.XI 63); discussed (ll. 8-13) Dobias-Lalou, 1998b, 412-413, whence Dobias-Lalou, Bulletin Épigraphique, 1999.620. b: SECir, 1961-1962, 8 (from T XI.13).
Text constituted from: Transcription (Reynolds, Dobias-Lalou).


   Fig. 1. a. Face (Department of Antiquities, E.321)

   Fig. 2. a. Face (Department of Antiquities, E.321)

   Fig. 3. a. Face (2008, H.Walda)

   Fig. 4. a. View, left side (2008, H.Walda)

   Fig. 5. a. View (2008, H.Walda)

   Fig. 6. From left: C.223.b, M.220