IRCyr   Inscriptions of Roman Cyrenaica

T.263. Funerary inscription

Description: Rock-cut tomb.
Text: Inscribed on the façade within a rectangular panel (w: 0.70 x h: 0.38).
Letters: Probably second century; 0.03; lunate epsilon, lunate sigma, cursive omega, and cursive mu. Traces of rubrication survive.

Date: Probably between 70 and 115 CE

Findspot: Taucheira: Quarry West I, South wall; found in 1963.
Original location: Findspot.
Last recorded location: Findspot: now covered by sand.


ἕκτη̣ Μεϲορὴ τέθνη-
κεν ὁ ποθητὸϲ Ἄδωνιϲ
Ὑάκινθοϲ ἐτῶν δεχε-
πτὰ κ’οὐδ’ ὅληϲ ἡ̣μέ(ραϲ)
5 ἄ̣ουε̣ εὐψύχι ( vac. )
τέκνον Ὑάκιν( vac. 1)θε




1: Ἕκῑω, τεθν[η] Wright, 1963 , corr. Reynolds, ap. SEG
2: π[ο]θητὸς, Ἄδω[ν]ις Wright, 1963 , corr. Reynolds, ap. SEG
4: Wright reports nothing after ΠΤΑ; but he suggests the possibility of οὐδεὶς ἀθάνατος
5: vac.. [εὐ]ψύχι Wright, 1963 , corr. Reynolds, ap. SEG
6: vac. Ὑάκιν[θ]o(ς) Wright, 1963 , corr. Reynolds, ap. SEG

German translation

Translation source: Lüderitz-Reynolds, 1983

Am sechsten Mesore starb der beklagte Adonis Hyakinthos, siebzehn Jahre, und nicht einamal einen ganzen Tag mehr; ave, lebe wohl, Kind Hyakinthos

English translation

Translation by: Editors

On the sixth of the month Mesore (30 July) died the much-loved Adonis, Hyakinthos. aged 17 years and not even a whole day (more). Ave, live well, child Hyakinthos.


No other inscribed tombs have been uncovered in this quarry, but a number of seven branched candesticks have been reported there, of which one was seen in 1968; this should mean that it was a Jewish cemetery.

Line 2: Adonis: Perhaps in the sense of "darling", as in Anth. Pal. V. 113, 1.3, available at Perseus, but see also Robert, Hellenica VIII. 45 f. where it is stressed that the implied comparison could recall both the beauty and the early death of the subject.

Line 4: Κ perhaps for καί; it may have been the intention to state that he did not live for a whole day more than his seventeen years but the text is too obscure for certainty.

Line 5: The formula is rare in Cyrenaica but is common elsewhere and does occur in Jewish Cemeteries, eg. at Tell el Yehudieh, CIJ II, 1477.

Line 6: The cutter has avoided a fault in the stone.

Bibliography: Wright, 1963, 36, p.55,, whence, with new readings by Reynolds, SEG 20.771, PHI 324522, Robert, Bulletin Épigraphique, 1964.593; Lüderitz-Reynolds, 1983, 42.a, whence SEG 33.1475, PHI 324649.
Text constituted from: Transcription (Reynolds).


   Fig. 1. Face, left end (Reynolds)

   Fig. 2. Face, right end (Reynolds)