IRCyr   Inscriptions of Roman Cyrenaica

P.224. Military funerary inscription

Description: Part of a sandstone gable with frieze cut on the same block; two fasciae below the gable, with a simple moulding above each (w: 1.42 x h: 0.43 x d: 0.33).
Text: Inscribed on the two fasciae.
Letters: Probably second-third century: 0.085; rather elaborate and without parallel in Cyrenaica so far: leaf stop in line 1

Date: Second to third centuries CE

Findspot: Ptolemais: West Necropolis, on the northern side of the Tolmeita to Tocra road, in a tumble of stones from a sizeable mausoleum. Found in 1968.
Original location: In the mausoleum.
Last recorded location: Unknown.


[---]ς̣ καὶ ἀγωνοθέτης ((leaf)) ἔπαρχος σπείρης Β[---]
[---ἔπαρχος] ( vac. 3) ἴλης Φρυγῶν ἑβδόμη[ς ---]


[---.......]      ΙΛΗΣΦΡΥΓΩΝΕΒΔΟΜΗ[.---]

English translation

Translation by: Editors

. . . ] and president at the games, commander of the cohort B[ . . . commander] of the seventh Phrygian squadron [ . . .


It is uncertain whether the eques Romanus of this inscription was a local man whose civil office was held in Ptolemais or an official of the Roman government who died there during a tour of duty. Agonothetes are not otherwise attested at Ptolemais but may in fact have been appointed, e.g. for ephebic contests.

Line 1: In view of the description of the ala in line 2, B is probably the initial of the cohort name and not a figure. A military tribunate in a legion will have followed the cohort command.

Line 2: The unit was in Syria Palaestina in the middle second century; see CIL XVI.87, 103, AE 1994, 1914, AE 2005, 1730, 1733, available at EDH HD022814, HD027802, HD062209, HD055984 , HD055982,

Bibliography: Bazama-Reynolds, 1978-1979, 259, whence SEG 37.1713
Text constituted from: Transcription (Reynolds).


   Fig. 1. Face (1969, Reynolds NS.I.36)