IRCyr   Inscriptions of Roman Cyrenaica

C.288. Dedication to Apollo on behalf of Nero

Description: Rectangular marble base (w: 0.72 x h: 0.305 x d: 0.39).
Text: Inscribed on one face, on a semi-dressed surface.
Letters: First century CE: lines 1-3, 0.025; lines 4, 5, 0.02.

Date: CE 56/57

Findspot: Cyrene: Temple of Artemis; first recorded in 1819 without findspot and again in 1861, as in ruins north of the Temple of Apollo. Seen by Norton in 1911 'in a dismantled tomb which is used as a stable on the left side of the road leading to the Roman Theatre'.
Original location: Perhaps Temple of Apollo.
Last recorded location: Cyrene Museum.


ὑπὲρ τῆ̣[ς Νέρωνος Κλ]α̣υδίου
Καίσαρος νίκης καὶ σωτηρίας ( vac. 1)
καὶ τοῦ οἴκου αὐτοῦ πάντος ( vac. 1)
Ἀπόλλωνι Μυρτώῳ Μ(ᾶρκος) Ἀντώνιος
5Γέμελλος ἐκ τῶν τοῦ Ἀπόλλωνος ( vac. 1)



Italian translation

Translation source: Vitali, 1932

Per la vittoria e la salute di Nerone Claudio Cesare e di tutta la sua casa, M. Antonio Gemello, a spese del tempio di Apollo, (dedicò) ad Apollo Myrtoo.

English translation

Translation by: Editors

For the victory and the safety of Nero Claudius Caesar, and his whole household, to Apollo Murtoos. M(arkos) Antonios Gemellos (i.e. M(arcus) Antonius Gemellus) (scil. made the dedication) from the (scil. funds) of Apollo.


Apparently more or less a pair with C.287; see discussion there for the date and the victory.

Line 4: For this epithet for Apollo at Cyrene see IGCyr006000; the title may be purely local, see Callimachus, Hymn to Apollo 91 (at Perseus); but cf. the appearance of Ἀπόλλων Μυρτάτης in Cyprus (most recently published as SEG 33.655, available at PHI PH303521).

Line 5: See on C.287 for his identity and the probable dating of his priesthood in CE 56/57.

Bibliography: CIG, Vol.III, 5138, p.519 from a copy made in 1819 by Fr. Pacifico da Monte Cassiano and passed to Pietro Negri, the Sardinian consul in Tripoli; transcribed in a letter by Smith, Thorn, 2007, 52; Smith-Porcher, 1864, 13, p. 113 and pl. 81; from these IGRR, I.1035 and, from a copy by de Mathuisieulx (lines 4 and 5), IGRR addenda I.1518; from these Vitali, 1932, 67; discussed Laronde, 1977, whence Robert, Bulletin Épigraphique, 1978.559.
Text constituted from: Transcription (Reynolds).


   Fig. 1. Base (JMR II.61)

   Fig. 2. Base (JMR II.61)

   Fig. 3. Face (Reynolds VI.90)