IRCyr   Inscriptions of Roman Cyrenaica

C.250. Building inscription from the Temple of Apollo

Description: Limestone block damaged at the left end (w: 1.34 x h: 0.49 x d: 0.60).
Text: Inscribed on one face.
Letters: Second century : line 1, 0.05; lines 2,3,5, 0.045; line 4 0.04; L for ἔτους.

Date: 177-192 CE

Findspot: Cyrene: Temple of Apollo, south side; found during excavations in 1917
Original location: Temple of Apollo, probably the cella wall.
Last recorded location: Findspot: standing on the stylobate, beside C.252 (2008).


[(ἔτους) .] Μ̣(άρκου) Α̣ὐ̣ρ̣η̣λίου ⟦Κομμόδου⟧ Ἀντωνείνου
[Σε]β[α]σ̣τ̣οῦ Δ(έκμος) Κασκέλλιος Ἀριστοτέλης
[ἱερ]εὺς ( vac. 1) καλλιέτης ( vac. 1) καὶ ( vac. 3)
[. Κ]ασκέλ̣λ̣ιος Ἀριστοτέλης ΝΑΙ̣[c. 5]
5[ἐφ’]ὧ̣ν ὁ ν̣εὼς ἐγένετο καὶ ἀφ[ιερώθη]


[...]ΕΥΣ  ΚΑΛΛΙΕΤΗΣ  ΚΑΙ      

English translation

Translation by: Editors

[?]of Marcus Aurelius [[Commodus]] Antoninus Augustus: D(ekmos) Kaskellios (i.e. D(ecimus) Cascellius) Aristotles, priest in a good year and [? K]askellios (i.e. Cascellius) Aristotles [ . . . ] in whose time the temple was built and consecrated.


See also C.251, for the date of the reconstruction of the temple after its destruction during the Jewish Revolt of CE 115.

Line 3: For this epithet applied to priests at Cyrene, see commentary on C.222.

Line 4: ⟨Enough of the third letter survives to rule out Robert's attractive suggestion of ναυκόρος.

Bibliography: Ferri, 1923, 4ff; Vitali, 1932, 77; SEG 9.173, PHI 324024; Mentioned Pernier, 1935, 111, 138. Romanelli, 1943, 123; mentioned Kenrick, 2013, 195, 205.
Text constituted from: Transcription (Reynolds).


   Fig. 1. Face (Department of Antiquities, E.318)

   Fig. 2. Face (2008, H.Walda)

   Fig. 3. Face, left end (2008, H.Walda)

   Fig. 4. Face, right end (2008, H.Walda)

   Fig. 5. View of block (2008, H.Walda)