IRCyr   Inscriptions of Roman Cyrenaica

C.14. Honours for Hadrian

Description: Seven fragments from marble panelling. (originally w: 0.50 x h: 0.45 x d: 0.13). Two fragments, with the centre of the text, are substial; two small fragments survive from the left end, and three from the right
Text: Inscribed on one face, across two panels.
Letters: Second century; line 1, 0.07; line 2, 0.055; lines 3-5, 0.05. Dash for stop.

Date: 10th Dec. CE 128 - 9th Dec. 129

Findspot: Cyrene: Found between 1935 and 1960, in the Caesareum and the Agora (Oliverio).
Original location: Unknown
Last recorded location: Cyrene Museum


Α̣ὐτ̣[οκράτορα Καί]σαρα ((stop)) θεῶ Τραιανῶ Π̣αρθ̣[ι]
κῶ υ[ἱὸν]
θ̣ε̣[ῶ Νέρ]ο̣[υα υἱων]ὸ̣ν ((stop)) Τραιανὸν ((stop)) Ἁδριανὸν ((stop)) Σε
[ἀρχιερῆ μέ[γιστον]] δαμαρχικᾶς ἐξουσίας ((stop)) τὸ ιγ´((stop))
[τὸ γ´ πατέρα πατρί]δ̣ος ((stop)) κτίσταν ((stop)) καὶ τροφ[ῆ καὶ]
5[ταν ( vac. 1) ἁ] [πόλ]ι̣ς ((stop)) ἁ Κυραναίων ( vac. 14)


.Υ.[...........]ΣΑΡΑ ΘΕΩΤΡΑΙΑΝΩ.ΑΡ.[.]
..[....].[......].Ν ΤΡΑΙΑΝΟΝ ΑΔΡΙΑΝΟΝ ΣΕ
[..............].ΟΣ ΚΤΙΣΤΑΝ ΚΑΙΤΡΟΦ[....]
5[....][....].Σ ΑΚΥΡΑΝΑΙΩΝ                            


4: τροφ[έα] Reynolds, 1958; τροφ[ῆ] cdl1994

Italian translation

Translation source: Oliverio, DAI, 1933-1936

L'imperatore Cesare del divino Traiano partico figlio, del divino Nerva nipote, Traiani Adriano Augusto, pontefice massimo, investito della potestà tribunizia per la [13a] volta, console per la 3a volta, padre della patria, fondatore e salvatore la cittadinanza dei Cirenei (ha onorato).

English translation

Translation by: Editors

Emperor Caesar, son of deified Trajan victor in Parthia, grandson of deified Nerva, Trajan Hadrian Augustus, chief priest, holding tribunician power for the thirteenth time, consul for [the third time, father] of the country, founder and nourisher and lawgiver: the city of the Cyrenaeans ((i.e. set up his statue)).


For the titles in line 4 applied to Hadrian elsewhere, cf. IG VII.70-72 (at PHI 143546, 143547, 143548) from Megara. Here they clearly refer to help given to Cyrene in the years after the Jewish Revolt. There is no other record of Hadrianic lawgiving at Cyrene.

Bibliography: One central fragment: Oliverio, DAI, 1933-1936, 76 (68), p. 108, pl. XXI, fig 31, whence SEG 9.54; two central fragments: Applebaum, 1950, A.3, whence Robert, Bulletin Épigraphique, 1951.244; four fragments: Reynolds, 1958, VI.c, p. 164 and fig. 21 all surviving fragments, whence Robert, Bulletin Épigraphique, 1960.438, SEG 17.809, PHI 324420; Gasperini, 1971, B.5, see also Robert, Bulletin Épigraphique, 1960.438, whence SEG 18.731, PHI 324435. Discussed, Dobias-Lalou, 1994 , whence SEG 44.1536; by Boatwright, 2000, 181
Text constituted from: Transcription (Reynolds).


   Fig. 1. Second central block (1935 July 1, Department of Antiquities, 2740)

   Fig. 2. Two central blocks (light 1)

   Fig. 3. Two central blocks (light 2)

   Fig. 4. Two central blocks (Joyce Reynolds, I.49.1)

   Fig. 5. Right end piece (1935 September 10, Department of Antiquities, 2789)

   Fig. 6. Right and left end fragments